Ikat, or ikkat, is a dyeing technique used to pattern textiles that employs resist dyeing on the yarns prior to dyeing and weaving the fabric.
In ikat the resist is formed by binding individual yarns or bundles of yarns with a tight wrapping applied in the desired pattern. The yarns are then dyed. This process may be repeated multiple times to produce elaborate, multicolored patterns. When the dyeing is finished all the bindings are removed and the yarns are woven into cloth. In other resist-dyeing techniques such as tie-dye and batikthe resist is applied to the woven cloth, whereas in ikat the resist is applied to the yarns before they are woven into cloth.
A characteristic of ikat textiles is an apparent "blurriness" to the design. The blurriness is a result of the extreme difficulty the weaver has lining up the dyed yarns so that the pattern comes out perfectly in the finished cloth. 50 meters fabric of weaved ikat takes almost around 1 month.
Ikat has 2 styles - single-Ikat and double-Ikat. Single Ikat fabrics are created by interweaving tied and dyed warp with plain weft, Double Ikat involves the process of resisting on both warp and weft and then interlacing them to form intricate yet well composed patterns.
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